Fashion Designer Rudavath Varsha Naik brings exclusive Banjara Embroidery to the industry


Banjara Embroidery is a wonderful nomadic tribes’ art form. It specializes in multicolored thread mirrorwork embroidery, cowrie shells, applique or patchwork, and stitching patterns. Nomadic species do a lot of needlework. The nomadic Banjara clan is thought to be descended from European gypsies who settled in Rajasthan’s desert lands thousands of years ago. Because of their brightly colored clothes and jewelry, they are considered one of India’s most colorful tribes. Banjara tribal embroidery and mirror work is practiced by the nomadic Banjara people.

The Banjara tribe moved from northern India to the Deccan Plateau in southern India during the reign of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in the 17th century. They’ve expanded across the Deccan Plateau. They also dwell in little communities known as “Tandas” in the area. The art that the nomadic culture inherited is being taken forward by many fashion designers. One such name is Varsha Naik, a young enthusiast weaving creativity through her impeccable designs.

Kilan, Vele, Bakya, Maki, Suryakanthimaki, Kans, Teradora, Doranaki, Kaudi, Relogadri, Bhuria, Pote, Jolya, and Nakra Running Stitch, among others, are featured and cherished. Banjaras are known for their vibrant clothing, folk decorations, bangles, and Banjara embroidery, which features floral, animal, and birds themes, rangoli designs, and traditional motifs. Banjaras used to weave cloth, but now they utilize organic cotton fabric and poplin materials. Threads such as cotton, silk, rising thread, gold, and silver are used. After placing the pattern made on the fabric sponge under the stiffness of the cloth, they begin embroidering by shaking the glass. Banjara women design and sew their own traditional clothing. And give it to their daughter as a wedding present. Banjara embroidery is popular in the art and craft industry, and the items are widely available.

Simple stitches like herringbone and chain stitch, as well as short and long stitches, are used to make the designs for the cornucopia of dolls. Banjara is known for its distinct creativity in decorating with embroidered colors and coins, woolen tufts, cowrie shells, beads, mirrors, cotton, and other objects. The embroidered outfits of Banjaras are stunning. Intricate needlework is usually done on blue or brown colored material and other hues of fabric using dark blue and red colors, cotton or wool thread. This draws attention to the color contrast. For patterning, certain quilting strips are employed, and cotton threads are used to make a variety of odd geometric patterns.

Giving her take on this versatile fashion designer,  Rudavath Varsha Naik said, “I am a member of the Banjara community, of which I am quite proud. It refers to the culture and its rich history. The true meaning of Banjara is “musafir” (traveler). We are all Banjara Musafir since we all begin and end our lives somewhere, and in between, we simply travel. Our lives swirl about us as we progress from childhood to old age, from sadness to enjoyment. One of the most distinctive features of the Banjara group is their distinct and gorgeous appearance, as well as their symbolic traditional male and female dress. The delicate Mirror works, as well as the use of gorgeous natural colors. Now, as a fashion designer, my aim is to integrate Banjara costume into the fashion business in a very unique and beautiful way and to call my trend Banjara fashion. This is how my eyes are filled with the idea of making my community a trendy trend and making Banjara fashion the way of my life.”

Fine attire and ethnic jewelry enhance the beauty of Banjara women, who proudly display their prized jewelry. Colorful ghagras, cholis, and odnis are worn by Banjara women, who pair them with vivid spectacles and appliqué work. Nomadic species make a lot of banjara embroidery and handicrafts. Banjara’s vivid and rustic lifestyle is reflected in a brightly colored garment. The embroidery of Kutch Banjaras and Gujarat Banjaras differs from that of Banjaras. Embroidery is truly one-of-a-kind in terms of style and quality, with a blend of brightness and realism. Many geometric combinations, such as diamonds, squares, and triangles, are used in the exquisite embroidery created by this art style. The vibrant embroidery threads are largely emblematic of the Banjara way of life. Beads, shells, and mirrors are also used to embellish articles.

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